As Logistics is among the fastest-growing industries, at both operational and strategic levels, infrastructures and operators have implemented connectivity solutions for the exchange of data and information where physical and digital dimensions are increasingly converging. The solutions used to manage the last mile, the composition of warehouses, transport and fleets, all these aspects have repercussions on the entire supply chain. However, despite these efforts, we can see that initiatives currently tend to be isolated and that does not favor the creation of a network system. There is the necessity of an evolution through a connected, automated and integrated system to make all the different actors communicate and to bring the different experiences together.
Digital infrastructures are at the base of future socio-economic development in Southern European Countries, above all to recover the competitiveness lost in the last twenty years compared to the ports of Northern Europe and the emerging Mediterranean ones such as Morocco, Egypt and Turkey. Infrastructural and logistic inefficiencies annually account for €25 billion and €35 billion in Italy alone. In this country, a National Logistics Platform (NLP) has been implemented to contribute to the recovery of efficiency with values between 7 and 10 billion euros per year, which is 7.5% of Gross domestic product (GDP) in the logistics sector and 0.5% of Italian GDP.
A careful monitoring of the progress of the system which coordinates the performances of the individual players and promotes a unique system able to collect, examine and manage data flows, would be useful in promoting increasingly innovative services. The digital and logistic transformation through a consolidated ecosystem would favor a network of partners, bringing into the system the skills of the sector and at the same time enhancing local experiences. Among the systems validated in the future of the supply chain, Cloud has already proven to have access to all information from different places with optimal and efficient use of time and resources.
The global market for Cloud supply chain management is expected to reach $16.77 billion by 2025 from $3.90 billion in 2017 and is expected to grow to a CAGR (Compound annual growth rate) of 20% in the forecast period from 2018 to 2025. The global cloud management market is fragmented, and the major players have used various strategies such as new product launches, expansions, agreements, joint ventures, partnerships, acquisitions and others to increase their value in this market in a long-term manner.
The following elements illustrate why the logistics sector is strategic for Italy. First of all, this sector produces services that are essential to the realization of many economic activities, it also represents the distribution asset of the country and positioning of Italian products and manufacturing in the world. It is the supporting system on which €887 billion move for trade with other markets, it generates €85 billion of added value (5% of the Italian total) and last but not least, it employs around 1.1 million workers.
At the European level, the issue is also very sensitive: it is no coincidence that 14 projects have been promoted to improve infrastructure and transport in Italy, such as the E-Bridge project proposed by the port of Genoa after the collapse of the Morandi bridge.
As part of the last session of the ‘Connecting Europe Facility’ community program in 2018, the European Commission proposed to invest €421 million in 69 projects that will improve mobility for citizens and businesses. All selected projects aim at promoting digitalization, making roads safer and making multimodal connections in line with ‘Europe on the move’ initiatives. As for Italy, 29 projects were submitted to Brussels, equivalent to a request for public co-financing for €119.1 million and 14 received a green light to obtain funds for around €42.5 million.